A review by Stuart Brogden
This book is subtitled, A Student’s Guide to Church History. As one who has greatly benefited from studying church history, I was most eager to read this book as I think all Christians would learn much that is helpful by such a study. In the introduction, Brian Cosby says “knowing church history helps explain our identity … helps explain the present … guards us from repeating mistakes … testifies to God’s powerful working as HIS STORY.” Studying church history done well will have much in common with the historical narratives in Scripture – showing the brute truth about God’s people: redeemed sinners who still struggle with sin and obey with less than perfection.
In chapters 2 – 10, our author provides a quick overview of the history of God’s people from Genesis through the Great Awakening, giving details that should whet the appetite of any young – or older Christian – to discover more about the providential care for His people in all ages.
The last couple of chapters provide a warning to all who might be drawn aside from the study of the Scriptures. Church history shows that those who do not cling to the Bible as the Word of God inevitably drift to using human wisdom to determine eternal outcomes. In the 11th chapter (they are not numbered), Cosby details four categories of abandonment of Scriptures as the rule for life and godliness, with shipwrecks of faith being the inevitable outcome. First, he describes revivalism, headlined by Charles Finney – who gave us altar calls and myriad “new measures”. Dispensationalism arrived at about the same time. Second, Cosby tells us about liberalism – which denies the inerrancy and inspiration of Scripture. This leads professing Christians to deny the virgin birth, the creation account, and pretty much anything essential to the Christian faith. He names people so we will recognize them when we read other documents, so we are properly warned. Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834) is known as the “Father of Modern Liberal Theology” and had many followers, including Henry Ward Beecher, Adolf von Harnack, Albrecht Ritschl, Harry Emerson Fosdick, Rudolf Bultmann, Paul Tillich, John Hick, and John Shelby Spong.
The third abandonment of Scripture is cults, which are typified by the Latter Day Saints and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Both of these cults have a heretical view of Jesus and the trinity, each has their own twisted version of the Bible. These factual departures from the Word of God does not stop millions of people from following these cults and leading many to a certain doom apart from Christ. The fourth and last category is evolution. I was happy to see this listed, as I have come to see this view as particularly incompatible with Christianity, yet accepted by many Christians who are too impressed by what men call science. There is no evidence of any evolutionary change in kinds – from non-dog to dog, etc. All the “proof experiments” document that environmental adaptation (known as micro-evolution) is common. Change in kind (macro-evolution) has never been documented, much less has evolution been shown to be the cause for the origin of any species.
The last chapter is a review of four influences in the 20th century that have encouraged or derailed many Christians: fundamentalism (reaffirming the essentials of the Christian faith), neo-orthodoxy (the Bible becomes the Word of God when used by God to draw a sinner to faith), Pentecostalism (a focus on experience rather than Truth), and evangelicalism (emphasizing the historic Protestant theological convictions). This last also brought a mixture of revivalism and new measures as churches experimented with different forms of entertainment worship.
This excellent book finishes with an exhortation from the author that should encourage every Christian, young or old:
As we look back through the history of the Christian church, we see God’s faithfulness to preserve his people in spite of their sin and rebellion against his truth. We see a great cloud of witnesses, generations of those who have embraced Christ by faith, beckoning us onward as we will one day be translated from the Church Militant to the Church Triumphant. And until that day comes, we pray, “Come quickly, Lord Jesus!”
I say amen!
This is a very good book, easy to grab hold of. Parents should put this in front of their children, read it with them and discuss the attributes of God and the sinfulness of man that are always on display. This latter ought remind that none but Jesus does helpless sinners good. Flee to Him. This book shows us the way.
Excellent to expose among others and other things Charles Finney. Finney rejected the better portion of the Westminster Confession. He was more anti-Calvin than pro-gospel. I think the same could be said of those who admire him today.
He rejected sola fide, gratia but embraced self willed personal holiness. He rejected the doctrine of imputation. He rejected original sin and Christ’s atoning sacrifice. He rejected sola scriptura. Spurgeon, among other, wrote against Finney’s teachings. Finney invented the alter call. Spurgeon did not practice the post sermon alter call fearing emotional false conversions.
Just as this articles points out, error begets error, typically stemming from the worst error of all, a low view of scripture. Satan says, “hath God said”? Jesus says, ” man shall live by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God”.
Amen, Miller. As a Baptist, I do not cling to nor hold up the Westminster Confession – it is rife with errors as touching on ecclesiology, baptism, church-state relations, and the covenants. Error begets error.
True enough Manfred but Finney had problems with it where it was correct not where it was in error.
The same could be said of Joseph Smith’s alleged vision and testimony. The churches he mentioned held to the Westminster Confession. He alleged that every doctrine, which did include orthodox essentials, they held was an abomination to his imaginary god.
In both cases they ended up with works righteousness confusing justification with sanctification.
In both cases they exulted man and diminished God and diminished the cross.
Finney preached a needy god while Joseph preached a mutating god both attacking the aseity of God.